Big Data!

Between Innovation Potential and Protection of Privacy

Smartphones, social networks, and commodity items connected to the internet – more and more sources produce constantly growing data volumes. How can politics, industry, and actors in society use big data in a positive way? And how can the technology be brought in line with the protection of personal rights? These questions are studied by scientists of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology and the University of Münster under the project ABIDA – Assessing Big Data. The project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) with more than EUR 6 million for a period of four years.

Today, digital tracks are left nearly anywhere: Responsible use of big data is studied by technology assessment experts of KIT. Photo: Lydia Albrecht and Emanuel Jöbstl/KIT
Today, digital tracks are left nearly anywhere:
Responsible use of big data is studied by
technology assessment experts of KIT.
Photo: Lydia Albrecht and Emanuel Jöbstl/KIT

Fitness wristbands inform their wearers about vital functions and document their state of health. When linked properly, such data may be used as a basis for novel medical studies and, hence, new therapies. However, there also is the risk of third parties taking possession of the data for surveillance or commercial purposes.

“This example demonstrates that technical possibilities of recording, linking, and evaluating data for various purposes increase very rapidly, and so does the uncertainty of what happens with the data,” Armin Grunwald, Head of the Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS) and spokesperson of the project, says. He emphasizes that the discussion of how this technology can be used responsibly and brought in line with our conceptions of data protection and privacy is still at its beginning. “With ABIDA, we want to provide the basis for an informed debate in society and identify action options for the future,” Grunwald explains the goal of the project that is carried out in cooperation with the Institute for Information, Telecommunication, and Media Law (ITM) of the University of Münster, the Institute for Legal Informatics of the Leibniz University of Hanover, the Department for Technology Studies of TU Dortmund University, the Research Center for Information, Organization, and Management of Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität Munich, and the Berlin Social Science Center.

“So far, studies relating to big data have frequently concentrated on the aspect of technical or economic feasibility or on certain horror scenarios associated with the technology. The approach of shaping the technology for a better balancing of societal interests has been missed out,” explains Carsten Orwat, who coordinates research at ITAS with his colleague Reinhard Heil. Instead, the scientists from Karlsruhe and Münster plan to address this topic from a fundamental and interdisciplinary perspective. For this purpose, sociologists, philosophers, economists, legal scholars, and political scientists work hand in hand. “Together, we want to gather existing knowledge about the handling of big data, deepen the findings, and disseminate them as widely as possible,” Reinhard Heil says. “We apply typical technology assessment methods that are based on dialog and participation to study the impacts of big data on society.”

Citizen Conferences, Expert Surveys, and Prognosis Methods

ABIDA will conduct among others three citizen conferences at different places in Germany. Together with a representative citizen survey, these conferences will provide information on the expectations and fears citizens associate with the new technology. Single studies and expert surveys made by the scientists will reveal the impacts big data applications, data flows, and business models already have on our life today. With the help of an expert delphi, scenarios for big data will be designed and discussed. This scientific method allows to estimate future technical development options. At the end of the project, the scientists plan to formulate concrete action options for politics, research, and development. These are to contribute to a use of big data with a good balance between the innovation potentials and the protection of privacy being ensured.

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Anlaufstelle in Pune


Direkte Ansprechpartner
Die Kooperation zwischen Karlsruhe und dem indischen Pune ist einen Schritt weiter: Im Januar 2014 wurde im MCCIA Trade Tower, 403, Senapati Bapat Road, eine direkte Karlsruher Anlaufstelle in Pune eröffnet. Erste Ansprechpartner dort sind die Repräsentantinnen Iris Becker und Winnie Kulkarni von Let's Bridge IT, die rund um den Standort Karlsruhe informieren, aktiv Kontakte zu indischen Firmen halten - und dazu auch deutsche Firmen aus der TRK in und um Pune bekannter machen.

"Wir freuen uns, dass wir hier einen festen Standort haben. Das bringt unsere Kooperationen einen Schritt weiter", so der Tenor.
Auch von indischer Seite wurde dieses Engagement vor Ort schon mehrfach besonders gewürdigt: Eine gute Basis für weitere enge Kooperationen.


International Convention Centre Complex,
Karlsruhe Cooperation & Marketing Office
Let's bridge IT, Ms. Iris Becker
MCCIA Trade Tower, ICC Complex, 403 A
A-Wing, Ground Floor
Senapati Bapat Road
Pune - 411016, Maharastra - India
Tel: +91 75 0782 7033